Практикум по обучению диалогической речи
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Практикум по обучению диалогической речи
Вид издания: Практическое пособие
Предназначено для развития навыков и умений устной речи по темам, указанным в программе по иностранному языку. Текстовой материал заимствован из ранее изданной литературы и адаптирован в соответствии с целью данных методических разработок. Рекомендуется использовать на занятиях по специальностям ГТБ, ЭУ, Юр, МВТ.
Христофорова, Г. А. Практикум по обучению диалогической речи : сборник текстов на английском языке для студентов I и II курсов заочного отделения / Г. А. Христофорова. - Москва : МГАВТ, 2006. - 41 с. - Текст : электронный. - URL: https://znanium.com/catalog/product/401506 (дата обращения: 24.06.2021). – Режим доступа: по подписке.
Текстовые фрагменты публикации
МИНИСТЕРСТВО ТРАНСПОРТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ МОСКОВСКАЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ ВОДНОГО ТРАНСПОРТА Г.А. Христофорова ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ОБУЧЕНИЮ ДИАЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ РЕЧИ Альтаир–МГАВТ Москва 2006
Христофорова Галина Александровна ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ОБУЧЕНИЮ ДИАЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ РЕЧИ Сборник текстов на английском языке для студентов I и II курса заочного отделения Технический редактор М.П. Малахов Компьютерная верстка Т.В. Дементьевой Подписано в печать ……… 2006 г. Формат 6090/16. Объем 2,5 п.л. Заказ № …..… Тираж 350 экз. Альтаир – МГАВТ Московская государственная академия водного транспорта 117105, г. Москва, Новоданиловская набережная, д. 2, корп. 1
МИНИСТЕРСТВО ТРАНСПОРТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ МОСКОВСКАЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ ВОДНОГО ТРАНСПОРТА Г.А. Христофорова ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ОБУЧЕНИЮ ДИАЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ РЕЧИ Сборник текстов на английском языке для студентов I и II курса заочного отделения Альтаир–МГАВТ Москва 2006
УДК 378.02:372.8;800:37 Г. А. Христофорова Практикум по обучению диалогической речи. Сборник текстов на анг- лийском языке для студентов I и II курсов заочного отделения. — М.: Альтаир- МГАВТ, 2006. – 41 с. Рецензент – доцент И.А. Черниченко Издается по решению Учебно-методического совета МГАВТ. Предназначено для развития навыков и умений устной речи по темам, указанным в программе по иностранному языку. Текстовой материал заимство- ван из ранее изданной литературы и адаптирован в соответствии с целью дан- ных методических разработок. Рекомендуется использовать на занятиях по специальностям ГТБ, ЭУ, Юр, МВТ. Утверждено на заседании кафедры иностранных языков МГАВТ, прото- кол от 23 ноября 2006 г. № 15 Ответственность за оформление и содержание передаваемых в печать материалов несут авторы и кафедры академии, выпускающие учебно- методические материалы. © Г.А. Христофорова, 2006 © МГАВТ, 2006
Text l Travelling Since ancient times people liked travelling. Throughout the ages human beings have searched for adventure. They have explored the longest deserts and climbed the highest mountains. They also have gone depths of the sea and flown far into the universe. The first travellers were nomads, pilgrims, merchants and explorers. They tra- velled along rivers, lakes and seas. They used simple means of travelling: boats and ferries on the water, and camels in the desert. Travel grew and developed as long as means of transport kept on growing. With the 19th century the age of modern trains came. In the late 19th century the first moto-cars appeared. The age of airplanes changed travel crucially. People choose the way of travelling they like: by plane, by train, by boat, on foot and so on. Means of travelling may be used as one of the travelling classification criteria. Journey an act of travelling to a place that is far away Trip an act of travelling to a place and coming back, when you stay in the place for a short time voyageI a long travelling by sea Travelling Flight a journey by a plane Crossing a short journey by boat or ship which goes from one side of a sea or a lake to the other side Drive a journey by a car The purpose of travel can also be taken as a point of travelling classification. Many people travel entirely for the purpose of recreation or pleasure; they are people on holiday. Others travel for health reasons. People also travel to visit friends and rel- atives(VFR); to educate themselves, to look for work, to go on a pilgrimage to places
like Mecca and so on. Some people travel on business. Among them are businessmen and government officials on specific missions. Many people among those travelling on business often combine pleasure with their work. The WTO (World Tourist Organisation) now classifies all travellers under var- ious headings. This classification is represented in the scheme: Travellers Included in tourism statistics Main purpose of visit: 1. Leasure and recreation 2. Business 3. VFR 4. Health 5. Pilgrimage 6. Others Not included in tourism statistics 1. Temporary immigrants 2. Border workers 3. Nomads 4. Diplomats 5. Members of the armed forces Travelling can be classified according to the length, expenditure, environmen- tal impact and other criteria. All of them are taken into account by numerous firms, organisations and companies involved in travelling business. Answer the questions: 1. Who were first travellers? 2. What means of travelling did they use? 3. How did the development of transport influence travelling? 4. What ways of travelling do you know? 5. What criteria may be used for travelling classification? 6. What is the difference between journey and voyage? 7. What is the difference between journey and crossing? 8. Which kinds of travelling are short? 9. What are the main purposes of travelling? 10. Do people on business combine work and pleasure? 11. What kinds of travellers are included into tourism statistics? 12. What kinds of travellers are not included in tourism statistics?
Text 2 The tourism industry, types of tourism, tour operators and travel agencies Tourism has been one of the fastest growing industries in recent years. The growth rate of tourism has generally exceeded the growth rate for the worldwide economy. In spite of its rapid growth, it is not easy to define tourism. Tourism necessarily involves travel; a tourist is usually defined as a person who is visiting some place other than his usual residence for more than 24 hours. A tourist is distinguished by the length of his trip from an excursionist, who is away from his usual residence for less than 24 hours, or a weekend. The purpose of travel must also enter into the definition of tourism. Many people travel entirely for the purpose of recreation or pleasure; they are people on holiday. Other people travel for reasons of health. Leisure tourism is also called pleasure tourism or holiday tourism. It is a type of tourism when a person is going on holiday and is not travelling on business. So the purpose of tourism in this case is recreation. Leisure travellers look for sun, sea and sand. They want to go sunbathing and swimming. So this kind of travellers go to sea resorts or holiday camps and stay at resort hotels. Leisure travellers enjoy organized entertainment and sport. In a resort hotel there are always swimming-pools, fitting-centres, tennis courts, discos. A resort hotel offers its customers contests, concerts, shows, animation programmesfor children. Sports tourism is a type of active holiday. The purpose of a sporting tour is to exercise and to keep physically fit. At the same time travellers enjoy natural sur- roundings, fresh air and clean water. Travellers combine action and relaxation during a sporting holiday. Tourst companies offer hiking, cycling, boating and other kinds of sporting tours. Business travellers are businessmen and government officials. They travel on different missions. They often travel to attend a convention. Convention tourism is a part of business tourism. It involves taking part in a conference or a seminar.
Business travellers often travel to attend an international exhibition or a trade fair. Incentive tourism means that a business company offers holiday tours to its employees and covers all travel expenses. On the one hand, the company does it as a reward or a bonus to a person for his successful work. On the other hand, the compa- ny hopes that the employee will work even better in future and bring profit to the company. We can also subdivide tourism into the following types: domestic tourism, that's where the residents of a country travel within their national borders and in- bound tourism, that's when people who live in another country come to visit the country where you live. And finally outbound tourism which involves the residents of a particular country going abroad. Tour operators are tourist companies which develop and put together tour packages. Tour operators do market research. They promote their tours and advertise them. Tour operators publish colourful brochures, booklets and travellogues. Tour operators sell tour packages wholesale to travel agencies or sometimes di- rect to the public. There are tour operators which also act like travel agencies. They produce and sell their products themselves. Travel agencies are retail tourist companies which work directly with the public. Travel agencies are often called shops where customers buy different tourist products. Travel agencies sell tour operators' tour packages and individual tourist servic- es. Among tour packages are inclusive tours, charter inclusive tours and inclusive tours with an excursion. Travel agencies also sell coaching tours and cruising tours. Travel agencies form groups of tourists to take part in readymade prepaid tours. They also make individual travel arrangements. Answer the questions: 1. How is leisure tourism called? 2. What type of travel is leisure tourism? 3. What kind of tourists are business travellers? 4. What do business tourists travel for? 5. What does incentive tourism mean?
6. Why does a business company reward its employees? 7. What sort of target does an employer set for the employee? 8. What kind of companies are tour operators? 9. What do tour operators do? 10. How do tour operators promote their tours? 11 .How do tour operators sell their tours? 12. What kind of companies are travel agencies? Text 3 Hospitality industry Hospitality industry is a current term to refer to a wide range of businesses, dedicated to the service of people away from home. The industry is concerned with their accommodation (provision of places to stay), provision of fare (food at table), transportation (traveling and tours), and recreation (relaxation and entertainment). The word hospitality comes from "hospice", an old French word meaning "to provide care and shelter". The first institutions of this kind, taverns, had existed long before the word was coined. In Ancient Rome they were located on the main roads, to provide food and fresh horses and overnight accommodation for officials and couriers of the government with special documents. The contemporaries proclaimed these inns to be "fit for a king". That is why such documents became a symbol of status and were subject to thefts and forgeries. The hotels and catering industry is often treated separately from the tourist industry, and certainly the training for both is very distinct. Its primary function is to provide tourists with accommodation and, to a lesser de- gree, food. So it is often referred, to as the hospitality industry. The hospitality, tourism and leisure industries have become increasingly im- portant in terms of economies and employment throughout the world. A hotel is a temporary home for people who are travelling. In a hotel the travel- ler can rest and have meals, either on the premises or nearby. The hotel may also of- fer facilities for recreation, such as a swimming pool, a golf course, or a beach. Very often the hotel also provides free space for the traveller's means of transportation.
The word "motel" was created by combining "motor" and "hotel". When auto- mobiles were first used for travelling, flimsy and inexpensive tourist cabins were built along the roads. Then, as people demanded greater comfort, the cabins were re- placed by tourist courts and then by the modern motel, offering services comparable to the traditional hotels. All hotels do not serve the same clientele, that is, the same kind of guests. It is possible to place hotels in four broad categories. The first is the commercial hotel, which provides services essentially for tran- sients, many of them travelling on business. Many city hotels and motels fall into this group. The second category is resort hotels. They are located in vacation areas and of- ten provide recreational facilities of their own as well. A third type of hotel aims its services largely at the convention trade. Conventions are meetings of various busi- ness or professional groups held on a regular basis. The fourth category is resident hotels. People who do not wish to keep house themselves can rent accommodations on a seasonal basis or even permanently in many hotels. Even a small motel may have banquet rooms and meeting rooms in addition to its accommodations for transients. Another way of categorizing hotels is by the quality of service they offer. At the top are the luxury hotels, which generally offer their guests the greatest comfort and convenience possible. At the bottom are those that provide merely a place to sleep. A system for rating hotels according to quality is widely used in France and other countries. This system puts the top hotels in a special "deluxe" category, with others receiving from five stars to one star or "A's". The standard features include private bathrooms, room telephones, recrea- tional facilities and so on. The difference in quality between hotels is not entirely a matter of equipment or furnishings. A small motel, family-owned and operated, may have only three employees per ten rooms and hire a maid to do the housekeeping chores. Obviously, the services of- fered by a small hotel will be far more restricted than those provided by a luxury ho- tel. A hotel that prides itself on its quality of service also maintains high standards of performance.
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