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Агрономия по-английски

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Пособие предназначено для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы по переводу с языка оригинала на русский язык, обсуждению содержания на английском языке, развитию навыков устной речи, освоению лексического и грамматического материала. Прилагается англо-русский словарь специальных агрономических терминов. В пособие включены оригинальные тексты на английском языке по направлениям подготовки: 35.03.01 Лесное дело, 35.03.04 Агрономия, 35.03.05 Садоводство, 35.03.03 Агрохимия и агропочвоведение, 35.03.10 Ландшафтная архитектура, а также 35.04.05. Садоводство, 35.04.03. Агрохимия и почвоведение, 35.04.04. Агрономия.
Сухова, Е. А. Агрономия по-английски : учебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов агрономических факультетов аграрных вузов / Е. А. Сухова. - Волгоград : Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет : ИПК «Нива», 2021. - 80 с. - Текст : электронный. - URL: https://znanium.com/catalog/product/1911471 (дата обращения: 29.11.2022). – Режим доступа: по подписке.
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Министерство сельского хозяйства Российской Федерации 

Департамент образования, научно-технологической политики  

и рыбохозяйственного комплекса 

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное 

учреждение высшего образования 

«Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет» 

 

Инженерно-технологический факультет 

Центр «Профессиональная иноязычная коммуникация» 

Кафедра иностранных языков 

 
 

Е.А. Сухова 

Т.Н. Некрасова 

О.В. Попова 

 
 
 
 

АГРОНОМИЯ ПО-АНГЛИЙСКИ 

 

УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ 

 

по английскому языку для студентов агрономического факультета  

аграрных вузов  

 

Под общей редакцией 

доктора филологических наук, профессора 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Волгоград 

Волгоградский ГАУ 

2021 

А.В. Олянича
УДК 802.0:636 
ББК 81.2 Англ:45 
С-15 

 
 

Рецензенты: 

доктор филологических наук, профессор кафедры английской филологии 
Волгоградского государственного социально-педагогического 
университета В.И. Карасик, доцент кафедры иностранных языков 
Волгоградского государственного аграрного университета Рыльщико-
ва Л.М. 

 
Сухова, Елена Александровна

С-15
Агрономия по-английски: учебное пособие по английскому 
языку для студентов агрономических факультетов аграрных вузов / 
Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет. –
Волгоград: ИПК «Нива», 2021. – 80 с.
 
 
 
Пособие предназначено для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы 
по переводу с языка оригинала на русский язык, обсуждению 
содержания на английском языке, развитию навыков устной речи, освоению 
лексического и грамматического материала. Прилагается англо-
русский словарь специальных агрономических терминов. 

В пособие включены оригинальные тексты на английском языке 

по направлениям подготовки: 35.03.01 Лесное дело, 35.03.04 Агрономия, 
35.03.05 Садоводство, 35.03.03 Агрохимия и агропочвоведение, 
35.03.10 Ландшафтная архитектура, а также 35.04.05. Садоводство, 
35.04.03. Агрохимия и почвоведение, 35.04.04. Агрономия. 

 
 
 
 
 

УДК 802.0:636 

ББК 81.2 Англ:45 

 
 
 

© ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ , 2021 

© Сухова Е.А., Некрасова Т.Н., Попова О.В., 2021 
PLAN FOR RETELLING THE TEXT 

 

1. Заголовок текста (the head-line). 
- The text is head-lined ... – Текст озаглавлен...  
- The head-line of the text under discussion is ... – Заголовок обсуждаемого 
текста... 

 
2. Автор текста (The author of the text). 
- The author of the text is ... – Автором текста является... 
- The text is written by ... – Текст написан (тем-то)... 
 
3. Главная идея текста (The main idea of the text). 
- The main idea of the text is ... – Главной идеей текста является... 
- The text is about... – Текст рассказывает о... 
- The text deals with ... – В тексте рассматривается вопрос о... 
- The text touches upon ... – Текст затрагивает вопрос о ... 
- The purpose of the text is to give the reader some information on ... – 

Цель текста - дать читателю некоторую информацию о... 

 
4. Содержание текста (The contents of the text). 
- The author starts telling the readers about ... – Автор начинает 

свой рассказ ... . 

- The author writes (states, thinks) that … – Автор пишет (утверждает, 
думает), что ... . 

- According to the text … – В соответствии с текстом ... . 
- Further the author says that – В дальнейшем автор пишет, что ... . 
- In conclusion ... – В заключение ... . 
- The author comes to the conclusion that … – Автор, делает 

вывод, что ... . 

 
5. Ваше мнение относительно прочитанного (Your opinion of 

the text). 

- I found the article interesting, important, useful for my future pro-

fession … . 

It contains an important information by my specialty 
It contains vocabulary by my specialty, which improves my English 

knowledge 

From the other hand, I don`t like the text, because it is dull, out of 

date, too hard to understand and to translate … . 
 
 
UNIT 1 

 

HOW TO STUDY A FOREIGN LANGUAGE 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
Learning can be interesting and enjoyable. It all depends on you. 

This text points out some basic steps towards good learning. 

You should start with positive thinking. Don't tell yourself you can't 

do it. 

Next you should know your goal. Thus you won't waste time doing 

unnecessary work. 

Finally, know yourself. Find out which methods of learning are best 

for you and use them. 

A schedule can save you time and energy. It can keep you from for-

getting important things. With a schedule you won't constantly have to de-
cide what to do next. Make out a chart for a full week.  Try to estimate how 
much time you’ll need for each subject and schedule these times.  Week-
ends are good for working on longer projects or recreation. 

When studying foreign languages, it is important to read more for 

ideas than for the meaning of isolated words. Try to guess at unfamiliar 
words. When you must look up a word, put a mark beside it in your vocab-
ulary. Use the list of marked words as a study list. 

Spelling is one subject where mechanical copying can be a good 

thing. Keep a list or stack of cards of the words you have misspelled and 
want to learn. 

The temptation to overload you with facts is strong. But resist it! 

What you want are important ideas, not every scrap of information. Wheth-
er taking notes in a lecture or class or from a book, keep these rules in 
mind: (1) make notes in your own words, (2) condense your information, 
(3) always record where your notes come from. This last rule is particularly 
important if you are writing a paper. 

Study regularly and stay fit. Staying fit means proper diet, recreation 

each day, regular exercise and plenty of sleep. 

You have some guidelines to follow, but the final results are up to 

you. Self-knowledge and self-directions are the real keys to learning. 
Knowing how to study will help you in many ways and not only in college.  

 

Вопросы к тексту: 

1. Why is it important to know your goal when you begin studying a 

subject? 

2. How can a schedule help you in your work? 
3. In what aspect of language learning can mechanical copying help you? 
4. What three rules of taking notes are you advised to remember? 
5. What can help you to stay fit? 
1. Дайте информацию о себе. 

 

Your personal details 

Mr  □    Mrs  □    Miss  □    Ms  □    Other title  □ 
Surname ___________  
First name(s) ________________ Date of birth _________________ 
Sex:       Male (M)    □                     Female (F)   □ 
Your home 
House / Flat number ____________________ 
Street ________________________________ 
City _________________________________ 
Postcode______________________________ 
Home telephone number (with code) ______________________ 
Mobile telephone number ____________ 
Your employment 
Occupation _______________________________ 
Business telephone number (with code)_______________________

 
Additional information 
Please include your e-mail address if you have one 
_______________________________________ 

 

UNIT 2 

 

ABOUT MYSELF 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
My name is Ann. My surname or last name is Petrova. I was born on 

the 2nd of October in Volgograd. This is the most beautiful city in Russia 
situated on the Volga River. Now I am a first-year student at the Volgograd 
State Agrarian University. In five years I'll be an agronomist. 

I am tall and slim and have fair hair and blue eyes. My friends say that I 

am pretty. I think I am just good-looking. I love sports and music. I was very 
serious about a career in gymnastics when I was in the 5th form. But then I 
broke my arm and doctors didn't let me go in for gymnastics. I love to listen to 
modern music and dance. I dance a lot and I hope I am good at it. I also love 
swimming. I always swim in the Volga when I have free time. 

I would like to tell you about my family. There are five people in our 

family. My father's name is Vladimir Stepanovich. He is a mathematician 
by education and businessman by profession. My mother's name is Tatyana 
Petrovna. She is a housewife. She has much work about the house because 
I have a younger sister. She is a pupil. My sister Natasha is in the fifth 
form. My grandmother, my mother's mother, lives with us. She is very kind 
and helps us a lot. 
Our family is very friendly, we have many friends. In summer many 

relatives come to visit us. 

In May I have finished school No 1 in Volgograd. I did well in all 

the subjects but my favourite subjects at school were Physics and Computer 
Science. I also enjoyed English lessons. 

I am very interested in learning English because I think that the 

knowledge of foreign languages helps in everyday life and career. 

Two years ago I traveled much around Europe. I have visited France, 

Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The 
knowledge of English helped me a lot. 

As you see, my biography isn't very long yet. But I think I have a 

very interesting and good life. 

 

MY HOBBY 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
I am very busy now. I don’t have much time to spare. But I have a 

hobby which I can’t give up. 

A few years ago I started to collect badges. When my father was 

a boy he was fond of collecting them. Then he had no time to do it. He 
got interested in his studies, and then his work occupied all his time and 
mind. 

Once I found a box with old badges in the wardrobe under the piles 

of clothes. Mother told me about father’s hobby and said that I could take 
the box if I wanted. 

In the morning when father came he was greatly surprised to see 

his collection of badges. He explained me that he had collected symbols 
of different countries and cities. He told me how this or that badge ap-
peared in his collection. He said that he was sorry that he had given up 
his hobby. 

There are people who collect stamps, photos of favourite actors, 

posters, videocassettes. I am sure that it is very good when you have some 
hobby. It makes your life more interesting and emotional. You widen your 
knowledge in the field you are interested in. I admire those who are fond of 
repairing radio sets or computers. It’s my wish to find a wife who will en-
joy knitting or embroidering. 

 

Вопросы к тексту: 

1. What is your name? 
2. Where and when were you born? 
3. How old are you? 
4. Have you got a family? 
5. How many people are there in your family? 
6. Do you have brothers, sisters, grandparents in your family? 
7. Where do you live? 
8. Did you study well at school? 
9. What school did you finish? 
10. Did your teacher of English help you to choose your future pro-

fession? 

11. What was your favourite subject? 
12. What do you like to read? 
13. What sport do you go in for? 
14. What are you going to be? 
15. Do you still live with your parents? 
16. Do you have a girlfriend / boyfriend? 

 

MY NATIVE CITY: VOLGOGRAD 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
Volgograd is the city which is associated with major events in the his-

tory of the people. It is the ancient city on the right bank of the River Volga. 
The city extends along the right bank of the river it stretches for 70 km. 

Tsaritsyn was founded in 1589 as an outpost (fortress) to protect 

Russian territory from aggressive nomads. Up to 1925 it was known as 
Tsaritsyn. Tsaritsyn played a heroic part in our country's history in 1918. 
During the Civil War the Red Army delivered a crushing blow to the White 
Guards. 

Stalingrad. The name of this city has been forever etched in the his-

tory of World War II and the history of the struggle against fascism. During 
the Second World War the Soviet Army slopped the advance of the fascism 
and dealt them a death blow. 

For 200 days and nights life and death struggle continued. The city 

laid in ruins. The whole country helped to build it up again. 

The battle decided the fate of the Soviet land, the fate of the hu-

manity. 

The war is the history now, but the memory of those who fought on 

the banks of the Volga still lives on the hearts of the sons and daughters. A 
majestic war memorial stands on the Mamaev Hill now. In the honour of 
the 30th anniversary there was built a Memorial Complex on the Soldiers 
Field. An eternal flame burns in memory of all defenders of our city. No 
one and nothing have been forgotten. 
Peace Street was the first street of the rebuilt city. Today this street 

is blocked off by the city Planetarium. There is a majestic bronze figure of 
a young woman, holding a globe and a dove in her up raised hand. 

You can see broad streets and avenues, squares and shady parks. 
The city’s institutes of higher learning graduate doctors and teachers, 

engineers and agronomists, lawyers and economists. 

Volgograd is a big cultural centre. There are many theatres, museums, 

musical schools. In the museums of Volgograd you will find relicts of its 
history and military glory, as well as masterpieces of Russian and world art. 

Volgograd is a great industrial centre. There are a lot of big plants 

and small factories. 

My city is justly famed for its hospitability. Every year hundreds of 

visitors come to our city from all over the world. 

I love my city. I am proud of my city - hero, city - soldier. 

 

Dialogues 

1 

New-comer: Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the “Druzhba” 

hotel? I’m a stranger here, I’ve just arrived in Moscow. 

Passer-by: Oh, it’s quite a long way from here. 
New-comer: Yes, I know, but my friends advised me to put up at 

this hotel. 

Passer-by: Your friends are right, it is one of our best hotels. You 

may go there by the underground. It’s the quickest way to get there, though 
you’ll have to change on to a bus in Lev Tolstoy Square or walk. 

New-comer: What bus shall I change on to? 
Passer-by: a number 65 or 46 bus will take you to Popov Street. It is 

only one stop from the metro station. 

New-comer: Thank you very much. Is it possible to get there by 

tram or trolley-bus? I haven’t seen anything of Moscow yet and I’ve heard 
so much about this beautiful city! 

Passer-by: You can get on a № 1 trolley-bus. It will take you as far 

as Palace Square where you may get off. When you have admired the won-
derful view around you, take a № 10 bus. 

New-comer: where must I get off for the “Druzhba” hotel? 
Passer-by: In Popov street, but you had better ask the conductor to 

put down or you may miss your stop. 

New-comer: I’m very much obliged to you. 
Passer-by: That’s all right. 

 
 

 
 
2 

N: Am I going the right way to the № 1 trolley-bus stop? 
A: You are quite out of your way. Go straight on as far as the first 

turning to the right, then cross the street and you will see the stop. You 
cannot lose your way. It’s just a two minutes’ walk from here. I’m going 
that way myself. Come with me if you like.  

N: Thank you. It’s very kind of you. 

 

UNIT 3 

 

WHAT IS AGRICULTURE? 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 

Agriculture is a human activity in 

which people use areas of land to pro-
duce food, clothing and other necessary 
materials. 

The word "agre" is a Latin word. It 

means a field. The word "agriculture" 
means the cultivation of fields and grow-
ing crops. But this is the old meaning of 
this word. Now it also means the use of 
land to breed animals. At present there 
are two main branches of agriculture. 

They are crop growing and animal breeding. 

We do not know when people began to grow crops; it was many 

thousand years ago. Now crop growing is a highly developed branch of ag-
riculture. 

The soil is the basis of agriculture. Enough food for all the people 

can be grown if there is sufficient good soil for crops to produce high 
yields. 

There are two ways to grow enough food. They are the increase in 

area of arable land and the intensification of agricultural-production in the 
areas already used for cropping. At present the second way is more im-
portant because there is not enough experience to reclaim tropical and sub-
tropical lands. 

The intensification of production in the traditional agricultural areas 

is based on the knowledge of climate, soils and their use, and on a large 
соllection of high-yielding varieties and hybrids of agricultural crops. 

All intensification factors, such as full mechanization, high applica-

tion of fertilizers and extensive use of herbicides must be used in such a 
way as not to disturb he biological equilibrium of the soil. 
AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
Agriculture and environment are closely connected with each other. 

Crop yields and animal productivity depend on soil and climatic conditions 
of the region in which they are grown. When environmental conditions are 
favorable, crops grow and develop well and produce high yields. 

At present agriculture is not so dependent on the environment as in 

the past. (Man can improve the conditions under which crops are grown. 
The conditions can be improved by using irrigation and drainage, by apply-
ing fertilizers and different chemicals such as herbicides and insecticides 
and by some other practices. The environmental factors do not only affect 
agriculture, but they are also affected by the agricultural activity. Mineral 
fertilizers and chemicals used by farmers accumulate in the soil and in 
plants and may become harmful for people. Thus, the farmers have to solve 
two problems. On the one hand l they are to improve and intensify agricul-
tural production and on the other hand 2 they are to minimize the effect of 
agriculture on the environment. 

Пояснения к тексту 

1.   on the one hand — с одной стороны  
2.   on the other hand — с другой стороны 

 

INTENSIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURE 

 

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. 
There are two ways of increasing the yield of farm crops. They are 

the cultivation of new lands and the increase in yields per hectare. In the 
recent past the first way was more popular. At present more agricultural 
products are obtained by intensification of agricultural production. 

Intensification is based on mechanization, electrification and 

chemization which are the main sources of progress in agriculture. Most of 
agricultural processes in crop production and animal husbandry are mecha-
nized now. They are the preparation of the soil, planting and harvesting 
crops, feeding farm animals and cleaning livestock buildings. Chemization 
of agriculture is increased by higher production and use of mineral fertiliz-
ers and other chemicals. They increase crop yields and quality. 

Some other important intensive technologies are the development of 

better high-yielding varieties of crops, the application of most effective cul-
tural practices, the breeding of better farm animals, the control of weeds, 
insects and diseases. All intensification factors must be used in such a way 
as not to damage the land which is the basis of agriculture. 
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